I stumbled across this article by Rachel Scheller quite by accident and after reading it, I knew I had to share this with my readers. It's a great article that sums up being a Young Adult really well. If you understand what you are writing about, it makes the words written far stronger and believable.
Remember: WRITE WHAT YOU KNOW; KNOW WHAT YOU WRITE!
WRITING FOR THE YOUNG ADULT AUDIENCE
By: Rachel Scheller | November 13, 2012
There’s no question about it: The young adult (YA) audience is a hot market, one that is steadily growing in popularity and garnering attention from young readers as well as literary critics. This means that this market is healthier than ever–and so is the competition for getting published. What are the keys to writing a successful young adult novel? Before you even start typing, you must get into the mind of your target audience.
Mary Kole, author of Writing Irresistible Kidlit, shares invaluable advice for walking in the shoes of the YA reader.
INSIDE THE MIND OF YOUR YOUNG ADULT READER There’s something crucial that I want you to remember about YA, and that’s the all-consuming nature of being a teenager. It’s that sense of possibility. That feeling of your heart welling so big it could explode. It used to happen for me when I was driving around my hometown, late at night, in my wizard-purple Ford Taurus (before the hip redesign, thankyouverymuch) and the perfect song would come on the radio. Everything felt so big and so important in that moment, like all the parts of the universe had finally—yet fleetingly—clicked into place.
Remember the electricity of adolescence? You have your first love, your first heartbreak, your first truly selfless act, your first betrayal, your first seriously bad decision, your first moment of profound pride, the first time you’re a hero. These milestones space out as we age, but when you’re a teenager, they all happen in very close proximity to one another.
The decisions you’re making feel like they will have ramifications forever. You feel by turns invincible and vulnerable, inconsequential and permanent. All of these experiences are ones you’re having for the very first time, and you’re packed into a group with hundreds of other teens who feel the exact same way (though they hardly ever let on). So you’re also isolated and craving community, which is why you search for a book that feels like it’s written just for you.
It’s, in a word, intense.
I like to quote a YA-before-it-was-YA novel, The Perks of Being a Wallflower, by Stephen Chbosky, which was published in 1999 for the adult market (my, how times have changed). In one scene, his teen characters go through a tunnel and emerge into a beautiful view of city lights. The narrator, Charlie, says:
“And in that moment, I swear we were infinite.”
Romance and Darkness Teens feel everything very intensely, and two things in particular: An interest in romance and darkness. If you’ve been in the teen section of a bookstore recently, you’ll know what I mean. It seems as if every cover greets you with the same combination of a pouting girl, a brooding boy, and the colors purple and black.
Paranormal and dystopian are such forces in the marketplace that I’m dedicating this entire section to explaining them. First, the discouraging fact: These genres are on the wane, so I wouldn’t dive into them right now if I were you. A lot of publishers are committed to paranormal and dystopian trilogies through 2014 and even 2015, and they’re not signing up many new projects in these veins.
A lot of readers and writers (and yes, editors and agents) are getting tired of these genres and wondering why they took off with such velocity in the first place. When I think about teen readers and their mindset, the reasons become clear.
Romantic relationships are a huge obsession for teens. Most teens, however, lack real-life romantic experience. Teen boys inviting you over to play Xbox and teen girls texting through dinner dates at The Cheesecake Factory must leave a lot to be desired. Since there aren’t many dashing Edward Cullens willing to die on the fangs of vampires for today’s teen girls, these hungry readers turn to fiction to flesh out their rich fantasy lives.
Teens also don’t often feel empowered. Their lives can seem like a track from AP classes to test prep to sports to volunteer work and the message they hear is: If you get off this track, fail the SATs, or don’t get into the right college, then the rest of your life is in jeopardy. They feel trapped and helpless. Most want control, so the kick-butt aspect of paranormal (vampire slaying, zombie battles, etc.) is attractive.
Finally, teens are exploring the dark side of their personalities around the time they hit fourteen or fifteen. They get interested in suicide and serial killers and other darker shades of humanity. Death-related worlds and characters help them explore that through fiction. One of the biggest hits of the last five years is Jay Asher’s Thirteen Reasons Why, a book about one girl’s suicide and the reasons behind it.
Some teens start to see the darker underbelly of life during high school—a friend starts cutting, someone gets pregnant, a classmate dies—and they use fiction to explore these issues in a safe way. The recent trend toward dystopian is an extension of this, and a way of dealing with the anxieties of living in a world full of economic depression, war, and terrorism.
When you think about your teen readers, keep the above in mind. Whether your romance is paranormal or not, know that your (mostly female, per the previous chapter) audience craves stories about crushes and relationships. Even if your story doesn’t have a darker shade to it, acknowledge that your readers are dealing with a complex world where everything isn’t always unicorns and rainbows.
I would not counsel you to include one of the stock paranormal elements in your manuscript—vampires, werewolves, fallen angels, demons, mermaids, Greek mythology, zombies—because of overcrowding on the shelves and general fatigue. If you simply have to do paranormal, find a unique twist or uncover an underutilized mythology or creature. A fantastic new take on “angels,” for example, is Laini Taylor’s The Daughter of Smoke and Bone.
On the other hand, if you can, do try and include some kind of love interest. You don’t have to write an all-out romance, but you’ll be missing a huge potential selling point if you don’t acknowledge this part of your readers’ lives. As you will soon see, the romantic element in your story can range from an unrequited crush to falling deeply in love.
Themes and Big Ideas in Young Adult
When you know the teen experience and can place yourself in your target readers’ experience, you’re that much more likely to write a book that resonates with them on a deeper, thematic level.
Let’s go to the shelves for a look at how YA writers have incorporated theme into their teen characters’ narratives. First up is McLean from Sarah Dessen’s What Happened to Goodbye. She moves around the country with her restaurant consultant father, trying on new names and personalities in each town. As she lands in a new spot, she contemplates her predicament:
Sure, it was always jarring up and leaving everything again. But it all came down to how you looked at it. Think earth-shattering, life-ruining change, and you’re done. But cast it as a do-over, a chance to reinvent and begin again, and it’s all good. We were in Lakeview. It was early January. I could be anyone from here.
Teens often feel like their identities aren’t quite fixed yet, like they could rip themselves up and start all over again if they wanted to. Honor that and see if you can’t incorporate it thematically.
Next up is teen-mindset-master John Green and his book Paper Towns. In it, an earnest teen boy, Quentin, or Q for short, falls for a hipster named Margo Roth Spiegelman, a teen so disillusioned with her suburban life that she runs away. Being the stand-up (lovesick) guy, Q spends the rest of the book trying to save Margo from herself.
A lot of teens see the world or society and want to change it. Here, Margo speaks about her claustrophobic Florida town:
All those paper people living in their paper houses, burning the future to stay warm. All the paper kids drinking beer some bum bought for them at the paper convenience. Everyone demented with the mania of owning things. All the things paper-thin and paper-frail. And all the people, too. I’ve lived here for eighteen years and I have never once in my life come across anyone who cares about anything that matters.
And here’s Q trying to put himself into Margo’s Converse All Stars a little later in the story:
And all at once I knew how Margo Roth Spiegelman felt when she wasn’t being Margo Roth Spiegelman: she felt empty. She felt the unscaleable wall surrounding her.
These teens see the world and interpret it intensely. They feel deep longing and pain and love and searching. Understanding these qualities about adolescence will make your literature for these readers richer and deeper.
Check out this writer's tips. They're quite useful for any writer interested in writing for the Young Adult market.
The Magic Violinist
The Magic Violinist is a young author who writes mostly fantasy stories. She loves to play with her dog and spend time with her family. Oh, and she's homeschooled. You can visit her blog at themagicviolinist.blogspot.com. You can also follow The Magic Violinist on Twitter (@Magic_Violinist).
5 Tips for How to Write a Book for Teens
Writing for teenagers is both just like writing for adult audiences and also not at all like writing for adults. On a surface level, all a YA novel has to be is a good story that will appeal to teens. If you have mastered the elements of writing fiction, it shouldn’t be much harder to translate those skills to writing fiction for YA readers.
However, it would be an oversight for an author to assume that a young adult novel is exactly the same as any other novel.
1. Write about teenage experiences
If you are going to write a young adult novel, you have to write something that will appeal to teens.
It seems obvious, but you would be surprised how easy it is to forget that fact. Writing a book with teenage characters is not enough to make a book YA. You have to write authentic characters with real teenage problems in a real teenage world.
For example, a novel about trying to land an important promotion while also balancing family life is going to be an adult plot, not a teenage one.
2. Don’t overuse slang or trends
Teens will move from one social media platform to the next in a matter of days. Memes that were big hits on Monday will be dull on Tuesday. If you try to be “hip with the kids” by throwing in mentions of certain Vines or celebrities, chances are your book will not age well.
To make your dialogue genuine, pay attention to the way teens talk to each other. Throwing in a “like” every other word is not the way to go about writing conversations.
“Using slang doesn’t make a book appeal to teens. Don’t overuse slang or pop culture references in your YA novel.
3. Treat teenagers like adults
If there is one thing teenagers hate, it’s being treated like they don’t know anything just because of their age. Teenagers are real people who have real problems.
Write your characters in a way that validates their feelings instead of acting like they behave the way they do because they are hormonal or are just overreacting.
Even if their problems are comparatively “small” when it comes to the much “bigger” problems of the real world, it doesn’t mean that their problems don’t affect them. Don’t be condescending. Recognize that your teen characters have dreams and aspirations just like adults do.
4. Recognize that teenagers are smart
Nothing will turn off a teen from a book quite like the “teenagers are impulsive, irrational, and immature” trope. Yes, teens will do stupid things. So will adults. Teens are smart, too. They are creative, passionate, intelligent, driven, and a thousand other things.
Many adult readers critique YA books as being unrealistic because the teens are “pretentious” or “too smart for their age.” This could be because the teenage characters use big words, discuss politics with their friends, or watch classic movies.
That’s not unrealistic at all. My friends and I do the exact same things.
The only reason adults deem it impossible is because they have not gotten to know any teenagers personally; they have only bought into the stereotypes we teens despise being attributed to us.
This brings me to my next piece of advice, and it is a crucial one if you want to learn how to write a young adult novel.
5. Talk to teenagers
Hang out with them, have real conversations with them, listen to them in public. How do they interact with each other? How do they interact with adults? Not all teenagers are the same, so make sure you have a variety of teens you can talk to or observe
Talk to your kids, their friends, your nieces and nephews, the teen working the concession stand at the movie theater. Think back to your own teenage years—how did you behave? Obviously things will have changed from one generation to the next, but it can be a good start.
Every good book requires a little bit of research, so that is what you should consider this. If you don’t know how teens talk or behave, it will show when you try to create teenage characters.
Teens Are People, Too
Remember, if you’re writing for teens, you’re writing for a diverse audience of thoughtful, insightful, passionate readers, not for any unflattering caricature of a teenager. Storytelling is universal and transcends age. Master the fundamentals of a great story, and you’re almost there.
Keep real teens in mind as you write (and get their feedback as you edit!), and you’ll create a young adult novel that will truly appeal to teens.
Both writers have valid points. What do you think?